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The way to Do Cobra Pose in Yoga—Correct Type, Variations, and Frequent Errors

Backbends are sometimes the climax of a yoga apply. They problem our flexibility, open our hearts, and energize our our bodies. However if you’re not fairly prepared for an intense spinal stretch, Cobra Pose provides a extra accessible and beginner-friendly entry level to all the advantages of backbends. It is usually top-of-the-line stretches for low again ache and herniated discs.

From Hatha yoga sequences to Solar Salutations to Ashtanga lessons, Cobra Pose is present in almost each yogic custom. This highly effective spine-extending pose helps to counteract hours spent hunched over gadgets. Nonetheless, with out the right help Cobra Pose also can trigger discomfort in your low again.

Right here we’ll dive into every thing you’ll want to find out about safely performing Cobra Pose so you possibly can reap all the advantages and not one of the again ache.

Want video? Right here’s ours on every thing you recognize to know to carry out cobra pose:

Pose Advantages

Cobra Pose or Bhujangasana is impressed by the king cobra: an impressive snake that may glide ahead with the entrance of its physique upright. This energizing posture is powered by the again muscle tissues and core. As you stretch open your chest and broaden your rib cage, Cobra Pose can invigorate your thoughts and physique with a rejuvenating backbend.

Cobra Pose provides two units of advantages: The entrance of your physique is stretched and opened, whereas the again of your physique is engaged and strengthened.

The muscle tissues stretched in Cobra Pose embrace:

Muscle groups engaged in Cobra Pose:

  • Hamstrings
  • Glutes (as you’ll learn beneath, you shouldn’t over-tense the glutes or it could compress your decrease again)
  • Erector spinae and spinal extensors (muscle tissues on both sides of the backbone)
  • Higher again muscle tissues
  • Triceps

Incorporating Cobra Pose into an everyday yoga apply can tremendously enhance psychological and bodily well being. When Bhujangasana is carried out in a sequence of asanas, analysis reveals that it may possibly assist:

Step-by-Step Directions

Stepping into Cobra Pose may be very simple, however you wish to take care to consciously create alignment and strengthening as you enter the pose. When you aren’t prepared for a much bigger again bend, Low Cobra Pose is the proper entry-level variation.

Low Cobra (Hasta Bhujangasana)

  1. Begin by mendacity facedown on the ground together with your legs prolonged behind you and ft hip-width aside.
  2. Level your toes to the again of the room with the tops of your ft on the mat. Don’t tuck your toes.
  3. Place your fingers below your shoulders with fingers dealing with ahead. Preserve your elbows near your ribs.
  4. Press down via your pubic bone and the tops of your ft.
  5. On an inhale, press your palms into the mat as you gently carry your chest and head off of the ground. Your decrease ribs ought to keep down.
  6. Bend your elbows and hold them hugged to your sides.
  7. Draw your shoulder blades again and down as you open your coronary heart. Preserve your shoulders pulled down away out of your ears to keep away from crunching your neck.
  8. Preserve your gaze to the ground and your neck impartial.
  9. As you breathe, press your thighs firmly into the mat and use your again muscle tissues to stabilize. Keep away from pushing your self up together with your fingers and forcing a backbend.
  10. Keep right here when you have neck ache or a tense decrease again.

Excessive/Full Cobra Pose (Urdhva Bhujangasana)

  1. If you’re prepared for a deeper backbend, start to straighten your arms as you carry your chest ahead and up.
  2. Don’t press up together with your fingers. As an alternative, enable the carry to return from the extension of your backbone. There ought to be little or no weight in your fingers.
  3. Solely straighten your arms as a lot as your physique permits. Preserve your neck lengthy and optionally shift your gaze upward to increase the backbend. Preserve your thighs and ft urgent downwards. Don’t pressure your again by forcing a backbend.
  4. Actively press your shoulder blades collectively and hold your elbows hugged to your ribs.
  5. Really feel your collar bones broaden and your coronary heart carry.
  6. Maintain for 20 to 30 seconds, then exhale and slowly decrease your chest to the mat.

Ideas for Mastering the Pose

Cobra Pose is supposed to be entered gradual and straightforward. You wish to make certain that you’re constructing a stable basis earlier than lifting into the total expression. Use these fast ideas for training Cobra:

Tip #1: Know the Distinction Between Cobra Pose and Upward Dealing with Canine

Cobra Pose is often confused with Upward Dealing with Canine (“Up Canine” or Urdhva Mukha Svanasana). Whereas these two poses look related at first look, they really work very totally different elements of the physique. The important thing variations are:

  • In Cobra Pose, your hips, thighs, and the tops of your ft keep flat to the ground.
  • In Upward Dealing with Canine, you carry your hips, legs, and ankles off the ground.
  • In Cobra Pose, your elbows keep in a slight bend. You are able to do a low or excessive Cobra.
  • In Upward Canine, your elbows are straightened out to can help you totally arch your again.
  • Cobra Pose is extra flexibility centered, however nonetheless requires muscle activation.
  • Upward Canine is extra energy centered and challenges the leg muscle tissues as you carry up.

Tip #2: There Ought to Be Nearly No Weight in Your Fingers

It’s pure to wish to push into the ground to arch upward in Cobra Pose, however correct type means there isn’t supposed be a lot weight in your fingers. The majority of your weight in Bhujangasana ought to be held by your core and again muscle tissues. Your muscle tissues are doing the work whereas your fingers merely act as stabilizers. Pushing your weight into your fingers also can trigger you to prematurely overarch your backbend. Ouch!

In Low Cobra, some academics could even problem you to carry your fingers off the ground to verify that you just aren’t placing an excessive amount of weight in your palms. It will problem you to have interaction your higher again and press your thighs extra firmly into the mat.

Tip #3: Squeeze Your Shoulder Blades Collectively

Cobra Pose can solely enhance your posture in the event you take note of your shoulder blades. Test that your shoulders aren’t shrugged up towards your ears. You shouldn’t be crunching your shoulders or pinching your neck.

As an alternative, roll these shoulder up after which down. Squeeze your shoulder blades towards one another, then tuck them downwards. It will open up your chest and elongate the backbone right into a extra snug curve.

Tip #4: Hug Your Elbows In and Preserve Them Bent

Cobra Pose can have you ever feeling somewhat bit like a cool chook as a result of your elbows keep proper alongside your physique. You don’t want them to splay out. All through the pose, discover the elbows brushing your rib cage and picture that they’re glued there. No matter how excessive you carry your torso, the elbows keep in towards your physique.

If you’re approaching a Full Cobra pose, you’ll want to hold the elbows shut towards the ribs as you carry. Angling the elbows outward or locking them can result in again ache or accidents. A micro-bend within the elbow ensures that you just aren’t overextending or overarching on this posture.

Tip #5: Press Your Pubic Bone Into the Floor

Earlier than lifting up into Cobra, it helps to carry consciousness to your pubic bone and pelvis. Really feel them root into the ground as an anchor level in your backbone because the higher again elevates.

Frequent Errors in Cobra Pose

Again-bending yoga poses like Cobra Pose requires a particular consideration to alignment, posture, and muscle engagement. When folks complain of injuring their again in yoga, it is actually because they skip these very important steps to “arrange” the pose. As an alternative of having fun with a pleasant stretch and spinal launch, these errors can really make again ache worse. Right here is tips on how to keep away from them:

Frequent Mistake #1: Overarching the Backbone and Forcing a Backbend

Many overeager yogis see Cobra Pose as a possibility to create as a lot back-bending motion as potential. Belief us, we’ve made this error earlier than!

Once you loosen up your abdomen, drop your hips, and let your low again fall into an enormous backbend with out the muscular help it wants… Nicely, it doesn’t really feel as nice as you’d think about.

This forceful backbend can shortly grow to be harmful if you overarch and compress your backbone moderately than lengthen it. It’s simple to overdo the arch in your decrease again as a result of the decrease backbone is of course extra versatile than the higher backbone.

The way to Repair It: Enter the asana as slowly as potential. Keep away from urgent into your fingers to push your self up excessive. Cobra isn’t a back-arching competitors!

Activate your stomach muscle tissues to construct additional help in Cobra Pose. Think about your stomach button pushing again towards your backbone. Your abs are the stabilizing pressure that protects your decrease again from compression. By no means go into Cobra Pose with out a stable core.

Frequent Mistake #2: Clenching Glutes

A lightweight squeeze in your glute muscle tissues is useful to maintain your legs engaged on this pose. Nonetheless, over-tightening the buttocks with can really trigger pointless pressure in your decrease again.

The way to Repair It: Loosen the glutes and deal with the quads. Preserve the back and front of your thigh muscle tissues engaged. Preserve your thighs flat to the ground and the tops of your ft urgent into the mat. Press your pelvis into the mat and permit your complete backbone to stay lengthened because it curves up.

Frequent Mistake #3: Locking Elbows

Cobra Pose ought to at all times be carried out with a bend within the elbows. In contrast to Upward Canine, this posture requires that your arms keep bent so that you don’t “crunch” into your neck or decrease again. When you lock out your elbows, it might overextend your joints whereas forcing too harsh of a again curve.

The way to Repair It: Barely bend your elbows and hold your palms flat on the ground. Activate your forearms and shoulders to construct help across the elbow joint. Regardless of how versatile you might be, Cobra Pose is at all times carried out with bent elbows.

Frequent Mistake #4: Huge-Splaying Ankles

Some yogis expertise again ache in Cobra as a result of they hold the legs too large. When you enable your ankles to splay out to the perimeters, there isn’t sufficient foundational help to maintain your again protected.

The way to Repair It: Convey your ft hip width aside and actively press them into the mat. Preserve your toes curled below and your ankles straight in keeping with your heels.

Frequent Mistake #5: Kinked Neck

It’s regular to search for throughout a backbend. Nonetheless, in the event you look too far upwards, it may possibly really feel like your neck vertebrate are grinding collectively. Ouch!

The way to Repair It: Enable your neck to be a pure extension of your backbone. Don’t kink it backwards. As an alternative, regularly carry your chin and picture lengthening the area between your neck vertebrate.


Once you’re training yoga, at all times pay particular consideration to how your physique needs to do the pose. You don’t must seem like all people else! These variations could also be extra snug or relieving than the standard Cobra posture.

Half Cobra (Sphinx Pose)

Sphinx Pose or Half Cobra is probably the most accessible variation for freshmen. It protects the low again and stretches extra of the higher backbone. The main target is totally on the higher again whereas the decrease physique can loosen up.

As an alternative of tucking your elbows into your ribcage, this posture retains your arms flat out in entrance of you want a resting sphinx. To do it:

  1. Lie flat in your abdomen and press your abdomen, legs, and tops of the ft into the mat. Relaxation your brow on the mat with a impartial backbone.
  2. On an inhale, have interaction your core and again muscle tissues to carry the higher physique.
  3. Stroll your fingers out in entrance of you, fingertips ahead, and elbows shoulder-width aside. Test that there’s a 90 diploma angle between your shoulders, elbows, and forearms.
  4. As you breathe, widen your fingers and toes. Frivolously press into your fingers, forearms, and ft.
  5. Preserve your gaze ahead. Really feel your shoulders roll down your again and your collar bones open.
  6. Maintain for 3-5 breaths, then exhale to put your chest again on the mat together with your head to 1 aspect.

Bolster-Supported Cobra

If you wish to make the Cobra asana extra mild and restorative, attempt putting a bolster lengthwise beneath your physique or horizontally below your chest. For yogis with a again harm, the bolster ensures that your backbone stays impartial. That is additionally good for anybody with tender hip bones.

Flying Cobra

This posture-correcting, muscle-building variation of Cobra challenges you to carry your arms off the bottom and “fly”. It stretches out your pecs and takes the main focus off of backbending. To do it:

  1. From an everyday Cobra, decrease your chest nearer to the ground than standard.
  2. Have interaction your glutes and again muscle tissues. Squeeze your shoulder blades.
  3. Press your torso into the bottom and carry your arms out to the aspect like wings.
  4. Preserve your chin gently tucked in order that your neck stays lengthy. Have interaction your higher again to carry your physique up.
  5. Breathe and maintain for 20-30 seconds.
  6. On an exhale, launch again to a regular Cobra or lay flat on the ground.

Security and Precautions

Backbends usually are not beneficial for anybody with an harm to their again or backbone. Pregnant ladies or anybody who just lately had stomach surgical procedure also needs to keep away from this asana. If in case you have Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, you shouldn’t do Cobra Pose.

If in case you have power again ache, go very gradual and straightforward into this pose. At all times have interaction your core, press into the ground, and keep away from over-arching your again.

Educating the Pose

If you’re a yoga instructor cueing Bhujangasana, ensure you are taking loads of time to information your college students via the foundational strengthening of this pose. Useful cues embrace:

  • Think about your navel drawing in towards your backbone.
  • Place your palms flat on the mat beneath your shoulders. Bend your elbows straight backwards and hug them towards your ribcage.
  • Test that your ft are hip-width aside and actively urgent into the ground. Don’t curl below your toes.
  • Think about your shoulders rolling again and down. Don’t allow them to shrug up towards your ears.
  • Preserve your gaze ahead and neck elongated.
  • A gradual curve within the backbone is significantly better than a harsh crunch. Don’t pressure this backbend. Focus as a substitute on releasing pressure within the mid and decrease again.

Preparatory Poses

Earlier than going into Bhujangasana, it’s useful to heat up your backbone with these poses:

  • Cat/Cow Pose (Chakravakasana)
  • Standing Ahead Fold (Uttanasana)
  • Seated Ahead Bend (Paschiomottanasana)
  • Upward Dealing with Canine (Urdvha Mukha Svanasana)
  • Sphinx Pose

Counter Poses

Cobra Pose is of course invigorating and energizing. After just a few breaths in Cobra, it’s useful to maneuver into a relaxing, back-relieving pose the place you possibly can breathe deeply and launch your backbone. Observe up with:

After a number of rounds of Cobra Pose, it’s possible you’ll wish to make the most of your spinal extension by transferring into some deeper backbends, equivalent to:

  • Bridge Pose (Setu Bandhasana)
  • Shoulder Stand (Sarvangasana)

Supine twists are a the proper ending to any back-bending sequence. These grounding twists are a last trick for releasing the decrease again after Cobra Pose:

  • Supine Spinal Twist (Supta Matsyendrasana)
  • Half Lord of the Fishes Pose (Ardha Matsyendrasana)


The King Cobra is an interesting animal that conjures up us to have the pliability and flowing motion of a snake. Nonetheless, now we have to take care to not transcend our flexibility and harm the backbone. A very powerful factor to recollect in Cobra Pose is to strengthen earlier than you arch. Muscle engagement will defend your again from pointless pressure.


Positive Recharge
Positive Recharge
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